White Sugar Trade
The expansion of the white sugar trade has been closely linked to the emergence of the EU as a massive exporter and the rise of sugar requirements in the Arab world and Black Africa in the 1970s.
For a long time, the EU was the sole sizeable white sugar supplier, with a market share of 50% in the 1980s.
Since then, not only have new refineries been built at destination, displacing a part of white sugar demand, but also the structure of the white sugar demand itself has evolved: high quality whites have been displaced partly by low quality whites since the middle of the 1990s, which account for almost 40% of the market nowadays.
As for the raw sugar market, supply is very concentrated, with three countries (Brazil, EU and Thailand) representing 60% of white sugar exports.
On the demand side, white sugar trade is more atomized than the raw sugar trade, with the ten largest importing countries representing less than 45% of white sugar demand.