World Cocoa Production
Although cocoa is cultivated in a wide array of countries around the equator, 70% of the production originates from Ivory Coast, Ghana and Indonesia. Besides, the vast majority of cocoa beans come from Africa, where its cultivation was introduced from the Amazon region in the 19th Century. Bare a few exceptions, cocoa is typically produced in small individual farms (1-3 Ha), where it is the main source of revenue.
Over the recent years, there have been concerns that the production of cocoa is not growing at pace fast enough to meet future demand for chocolate and cocoa based products. This is in part due to the rising prices of competing crops; such as Palm oil and natural rubber. Furthermore, cocoa orchards in West Africa are often old (20 years or more), which makes them increasingly prone to pests and diseases.